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Matters relating to Social Security are listed in the Directive Principles of State Policy and the subjects in the Concurrent List. The following social security issues are mentioned in the Concurrent List (List III in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India) –

Item No. 23: Social Security and insurance, employment and unemployment.

Item No. 24: Welfare of Labour including conditions of work, provident funds, employers’ liability, workmen’s compensation, invalidity and old age pension and maternity benefits.

Part IV Directive Principles of State Policy

Article 41 Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases
The State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want.

Article 42 Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief
The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.

Acts Related to Social Security
S.No. Title Attachment
1 The Employees’ Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 PDF icon TheEmployeesAct1952.pdf
2 The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 PDF icon TheEmployeesAct1948.pdf
3 The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 PDF icon ThePaymentofGratuityAct1972.pdf
4 The Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923 PDF icon TheWorkmenAct1923.pdf
5 The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 PDF icon The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961.pdf