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Legislative Provisions

LEGAL PROTECTION OF CHILDREN AT WORK
1. Under the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 the engagement of children up to 14 years was prohibited in certain hazardous occupations and processes and to regulate the conditions of work of children in other employments. Now, Government has enacted the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016 which came into force with effect from 1st September, 2016. The Amended Act, named as the Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 inter-alia covers complete prohibition on employment or work of children below 14 years of age in all occupations and processes; linking the age of the prohibition of employment with the age for free and compulsory education under Right to Education Act, 2009; prohibition on employment of adolescents (14 to 18 years of age) in hazardous occupations or processes and making stricter punishment for the employers contravening the provisions of the Act. The Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986

2. Subsequent to the amendment in Child Labour Act, Government has framed the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Rules, 2017. The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Rules, 2017

3. After amendment in the Act, Government has reviewed the Schedule of hazardous occupations and processes to make it more comprehensive. As per the recommendations of the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), the Schedule of hazardous occupations and processes of the Act has been divided in two parts namely ‘Part A’ covering a list of hazardous occupations and processes in which adolescents are prohibited to work and children are prohibited to help in family or family enterprises and ‘Part B’ covering an additional list of occupations and processes where children are prohibited to help in family or family enterprises (in addition to ‘Part A’). The Schedule Of Hazardous Occupations and Processes.