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Constitutional Provision

Labour Jurisdiction

Under the Constitution of India, Labour is a subject in the Concurrent List where both the Central & State Governments are competent to enact legislation subject to certain matters being reserved for the Centre.

Labour Jurisdiction : Constitutional Status
Union List Concurrent List
Entry No. 55 Regulation of labour and safety in mines and oil fields
Entry No. 22 Trade Unions; industrial and labour disputes.
Entry No. 61 Industrial disputes concerning Union employees
Entry No. 23 Social Security and insurance, employment and unemployment.
Entry No. 65 Union agencies and institutions for "Vocational"
Entry No. 24 Welfare of labour including conditions of work, provident funds, employers "invalidity and old age pension and maternity