Under the Constitution of India, Labour is a subject in the Concurrent List where both the Central & State Governments are competent to enact legislation subject to certain matters being reserved for the Centre.
|Union List||Concurrent List|
|Entry No. 55||Regulation of labour and safety in mines and oil fields|
|Entry No. 22||Trade Unions; industrial and labour disputes.|
|Entry No. 61||Industrial disputes concerning Union employees|
|Entry No. 23||Social Security and insurance, employment and unemployment.|
|Entry No. 65||Union agencies and institutions for "Vocational ...training..."|
|Entry No. 24||Welfare of labour including conditions of work, provident funds, employers "invalidity and old age pension and maternity|