With due concern to the continuously rising number of industrial disputes, Lok Adalats have been introduced as an alternative grievance redressal mechanism, within the adjudication system of the CGITs from the 10th Five Year Plan. The objective is to settle industrial disputes through this parallel forum to reduce pendency and speed up case disposal rate. However, its success depends on the readiness of the litigating parties for getting their cases settled through this method. The Presiding Officers of the CGITs play the role of facilitators only. In the XI Plan, this mechanism of Lok Adalats has been made an indispensable part of the adjudication system.